A car accident can be a tragic incident that leaves emotional wounds. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), for example, is a long-term condition that people suffer after getting in a car accident. The disorder is a very common occurrence in people who experienced a car accident. An article on VeryWellMind.com offers an explanation of what PTSD is and how a car accident victim suffers from it.
PTSD in the United States
Post-traumatic stress disorder as a result of a motor vehicle accident (MVA) is very common in the United States. Each year, approximately six million people are involved in the United States. As a result, 2.5 million people suffers from injuries each year. It is stated in the article that the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) that 39.2 percent of people who survived a motor vehicle accident develop the disorder.
Risk Factors for PTSD
There are several risk factors for PTSD. One of them is dissociation, which happens during or immediately after an accident. Another risk factor is a family history of pyschopathology. Having an intense feeling of helplessness, guilt, horror or shame during or after an accident is also a risk factor. People with a history of prior trauma are also at risk for the disorder. Still another risk factor is the lack of social support after an accident. People who feel that their lives and other people are being threatened and prior psychological adjustment problem are also risk factors for PTSD.
Symptoms of PTSD
A person who has the disorder exhibits a number of symptoms. As stated in the article, a person who has PTSD may have avoidance behaviors, emotional reactions changes, intrusive memories and negative shift in thinking and mood. The reference for the symptoms is the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, as stated in the article.
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